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Chuanxiong Rhizoma
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Chuanxiong Rhizoma

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I. Chuanxiong rhizoma benefits

Chuanxiong root generally has the functions of activating Qi, opening stagnation, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain, etc. It can be consumed by boiling porridge. Chuanxiong root can be used to treat wind-cold headache, dizziness, rib pain and postpartum statis pain and other symptoms. Ligustrazine root contains ligustrazine, sodium ferulate, ligustrolide, volatile oil and other components. Ligustrazine is the main active ingredient which has strong functions, such as dilating microvessels and improving microcirculation. It is mainly used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary hypertension, chronic renal failure and so on. However, patients with hypertension headache, brain tumor headache, anger headache and other patients should not eat. 

Chuanxiong rhizoma benefits -Realclearbio

II. Morphological characteristics

Chuanqiang is an irregular nodular fist-shaped mass with a diameter of 2-7cm. The surface is yellowish-brown, rough and shrunken, with many parallel raised nodes, the top of which has concave round stem scars, and many small nodular root scars on the underside and on the nodes. The quality is solid, not easy to break, the section yellowish white or grayish yellow, scattered yellowish brown oil chamber, and the cambium is wavy ring pattern. The gas fragrant, bitter and acrid. Slightly numb, slightly sweet.

III. The specific application

i. Pain syndrome of blood stasis and Qi stagnation. This product is Xin San Wen Tong, which can not only promote blood circulations, but also remove blood stasis, promotes Qi and relief pain. It is a "Qi medicine in the blood", and has the effect of penetrating Qi and blood. For treating chest pain due to stasis of heart vessels, it is often used with Salvia miltiorrhiza, cinnamon twig and scandalwood. If it is used to treat injuries from falls, bruises and pains, it can be used for medicinal purposes such as frankincense, myrrh and Panax notoginseng. Chuanxiong is good at “lowering the water of the menstrual period and opening the stagnation in the middle”. It is an essential medicine, can promote blood circulation and regulate meridian, and can be used to treat a variety of gynecology and obstetrics diseases. For example, treatment of blood stasis, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, it is often used with red peony root and peach kernel. If it is cold and blood stasis, it can be used with warm classics soup. If it is used to treat postpartum lochia, stasis and abdominal pain, it can be used with angelica, peach kernels etc. If the treatment of irregular menstruation, premature or wrong period, can be matched with mother-wort, Angelica etc.


ii. Headache, rheumatism and numbness. This product Xin Wen Sheng San, which can "go up the head", expel wind and relieve pain. It is an essential medicine for headache. No matter if it is wind cold, wind-heat, rheumatism, blood deficiency or blood stasis headache, it can be used in combination with the syndrome. For the treatment of wind-cold headache, it can be combned with Qianghuo, Asarum, Angelica Radix, such as Chuanxiong Tea Powde. If it is combined with chrysanthemum, gypsum and silkworm, it can be used to treat wind-heat headache. For treating rheumatism headache, it can be combined with Qianghuo, Duhuo and Fangfeng. If it is used to treat blood stasis and headache, it can be combined with red peony root and musk, such as Tongqiao Huoxue Decoction

IV. Pharmacological effects

Ligustrazine can dilate coronary arteries, increase coronary blood flow, improve myocardial oxygen supply, and reduce myocardial oxygen consumption. Ligustrazine can dilate cerebral blood vessels, reduce vascular resistance, significantly increase brain and limb blood flow, and improve microcirculation. It can reduce platelet surface activity, inhibit platelet aggregation and prevent the formation of thrombus. The neutral component of ferulic acid can promote uterine smooth muscle in small doses and inhibit uterine smooth muscle in large doses. Water decoction has sedative effect on the central nervous system of animals, and has obvious and lasting anti-hypertensive effect. It can accelerate the absorption of local hematoma and promote the formation of callus. It has anti-vitamin E deficiency effect; Can inhibit a variety of bacilli; It has antihistamine and choleretic effects.


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