Ivy extract is an extract from the leaves of a plant. Its main use is to promote respiratory health, but it can also be used to protect the skin against aging. The extract is available in capsule and liquid form and can be found in many ointments and creams. Ivy is native to southern Europe and should not be confused with the poisonous ivy of South America.
Rhodiola mainly contains phenylpropyl esters and flavonoids. Its unique active chemical constituents are phenylpropyl esters, Rosavin (the most active), Rosin, Rosarin, Rhodiolin, salidroside and its aglycone, p-tyrosol.
Carnosic acid is suitable for antioxidant of oil-soluble components. Used in sauces, pet food and feed, it has antioxidant and anti-aging effects.